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Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2016;80(1):80-8. doi: 10.1080/09168451.2015.1075861. Epub 2015 Aug 19.

Anti-skeletal muscle atrophy effect of Oenothera odorata root extract via reactive oxygen species-dependent signaling pathways in cellular and mouse model.

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a Division of Biological Science and Technology, Yonsei-Fraunhofer Medical Device Lab , College of Science and Technology, Yonsei University , Wonju , Korea.
b Department of Biomedical Engineering, Yonsei-Fraunhofer Medical Device Lab , College of Health Science, Yonsei University , Wonju , Korea.
c Center for Translational Bone, Joint and Soft Tissue Research, Medical Faculty and University Hospital, Technische Universit├Ąt Dresden , Dresden , Germany.


Skeletal muscle atrophy can be defined as a decrease of muscle volume caused by injury or lack of use. This condition is associated with reactive oxygen species (ROS), resulting in various muscular disorders. We acquired 2D and 3D images using micro-computed tomography in gastrocnemius and soleus muscles of sciatic-denervated mice. We confirmed that sciatic denervation-small animal model reduced muscle volume. However, the intraperitoneal injection of Oenothera odorata root extract (EVP) delayed muscle atrophy compared to a control group. We also investigated the mechanism of muscle atrophy's relationship with ROS. EVP suppressed expression of SOD1, and increased expression of HSP70, in both H2O2-treated C2C12 myoblasts and sciatic-denervated mice. Moreover, EVP regulated apoptotic signals, including caspase-3, Bax, Bcl-2, and ceramide. These results indicate that EVP has a positive effect on reducing the effect of ROS on muscle atrophy.


Oenothera odorata; heat shock protein 70; muscle atrophy; reactive oxygen species; superoxide dismutase

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