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Facial Plast Surg Clin North Am. 2016 Feb;24(1):11-20. doi: 10.1016/j.fsc.2015.09.008.

Botulinum Toxin in the Treatment of Facial Paralysis.

Author information

1
NYU Langone Medical Center, 550 First Avenue - NBV 5E5, New York, NY 10016, USA.
2
Facial Nerve Clinic, UW Hospitals and Clinics, 600 Highland Avenue, Madison, WI 53792, USA.
3
NYU Ambulatory Care Center, 240 E 38th Street, 14th Floor, New York, NY 10016, USA. Electronic address: William.white@nyumc.org.

Abstract

This article reviews the current literature supporting the use of botulinum toxin in producing symmetric facial features and reducing unwanted, involuntary movements. Methods, protocols, and adverse events are discussed. Additionally, the authors suggest that using botulinum toxin A therapy in postparalytic facial synkinesis can provide long-term results when used in conjunction with other treatment modalities.

KEYWORDS:

Asymmetry; Botulinum toxin; Facial paralysis; Synkinesis

PMID:
26611697
DOI:
10.1016/j.fsc.2015.09.008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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