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Hand Clin. 2016 Feb;32(1):11-9. doi: 10.1016/j.hcl.2015.08.010.

Self-Report Measures of Hand Pain Intensity: Current Evidence and Recommendations.

Author information

1
Unit for the Study and Treatment of Pain - ALGOS, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Catalonia, Carretera de Valls, s/n 43007, Spain; Department of Psychology, Research Center for Behavior Assessment (CRAMC), Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Catalonia, Carretera de Valls, s/n 43007, Spain; Pere Virgili Institute for Health Research (IISPV), Institut d'Investigació Sanitària Pere Virgili, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Catalonia, Carretera de Valls, s/n 43007, Spain.
2
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Harborview Medical Center, University of Washington, Box 359612, 325 Ninth Avenue, Seattle, WA 98104, USA. Electronic address: mjensen@uw.edu.

Abstract

Successful management of problems related to the hands and upper extremities begins with a comprehensive assessment of the pain experience and related factors. Pain intensity is the domain most commonly assessed, and pain relief is often the primary goal of treatment. Because pain is a private and subjective experience, self-report is considered the gold standard of pain measurement. This article describes and discusses the strengths and weaknesses of the most commonly used self-report scales used to measure hand pain intensity, and gives recommendations to help clinicians select from among the various options for measuring the intensity of hand pain.

KEYWORDS:

Assessment; Australian/Canadian Osteoarthritis Hand Index; Hand; Numerical rating scales; Pain intensity; Patient-Rated Wrist/Hand Evaluation; Verbal rating scales; Visual analog scales

PMID:
26611384
DOI:
10.1016/j.hcl.2015.08.010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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