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Adv Exp Med Biol. 2016;875:91-100. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4939-2981-8_11.

Effect of Pile-Driving Sounds on the Survival of Larval Fish.

Author information

1
Institute for Marine Resources and Ecosystem Studies (IMARES), 68, 1970 AB, IJmuiden, The Netherlands. loes.bolle@wur.nl.
2
Netherlands Organization for Applied Scientific Research (TNO), 2509 JG, The Hague, The Netherlands. christ.dejong@tno.nl.
3
Shell Global Solutions International BV, 1031 HW, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. stijnbierman082@gmail.com.
4
Netherlands Organization for Applied Scientific Research (TNO), 2600 AD, Delft, The Netherlands. pieter.vanbeek@tno.nl.
5
Netherlands Organization for Applied Scientific Research (TNO), 2509 JG, The Hague, The Netherlands. peter.wessels@tno.nl.
6
Institute for Marine Resources and Ecosystem Studies (IMARES), 68, 1970 AB, IJmuiden, The Netherlands. Ewout.blom@wur.nl.
7
Institute for Marine Resources and Ecosystem Studies (IMARES), 68, 1970 AB, IJmuiden, The Netherlands. cindy.vandamme@wur.nl.
8
Institute for Marine Resources and Ecosystem Studies (IMARES), 68, 1970 AB, IJmuiden, The Netherlands. erwin.winter@wur.nl.
9
Defence Materiel Organisation, 2509 LV, The Hague, The Netherlands. rpa.dekeling@mindef.nl.
10
Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment, 2500 EX, The Hague, The Netherlands. rpa.dekeling@mindef.nl.

Abstract

Concern exists about the potential effects of pile-driving sounds on fish, but evidence is limited, especially for fish larvae. A device was developed to expose larvae to accurately reproduced pile-driving sounds. Controlled exposure experiments were carried out to examine the lethal effects in common sole larvae. No significant effects were observed at zero-to-peak pressure levels up to 210 dB re 1 μPa(2) and cumulative sound exposure levels up to 206 dB re 1 μPa(2)·s, which is well above the US interim criteria for nonauditory tissue damage in fish. Experiments are presently being carried out for European sea bass and herring larvae.

KEYWORDS:

Controlled exposure experiments; Offshore wind farms

PMID:
26610948
DOI:
10.1007/978-1-4939-2981-8_11
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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