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Br J Clin Pharmacol. 2016 Apr;81(4):613-20. doi: 10.1111/bcp.12843. Epub 2016 Jan 25.

Exenatide acutely increases heart rate in parallel with augmented sympathetic nervous system activation in healthy overweight males.

Author information

1
Diabetes Center, Department of Internal Medicine, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam.
2
Department of Health Sciences and the EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, VU University Amsterdam, Amsterdam.
3
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Abstract

AIM:

Clinical use of glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RA) is consistently associated with heart rate (HR) acceleration in type 2 diabetes patients. We explored the mechanisms underlying this potential safety concern.

METHODS:

Ten healthy overweight males (aged 20-27 years) were examined in an open label, crossover study. Automated oscillometric blood pressure measurements and finger photoplethysmography were performed throughout intravenous administration of placebo (saline 0.9%), exenatide (targeting therapeutic concentrations) and a combination of exenatide and the nitric oxide synthase inhibitor L-N(G) -monomethyl arginine (L-NMMA). Sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activity was measured by heart rate variability and rate-pressure product.

RESULTS:

Exenatide increased HR by a mean maximum of 6.8 (95% CI 1.7, 11.9) beats min(-1) (P < 0.05), systolic blood pressure (SBP) by 9.8 (95% CI 3.5, 16.1) mmHg (P < 0.01) and markers of SNS activity (P < 0.05). No changes in total peripheral resistance were observed. Increases in HR, SBP and sympathetic activity were preserved during concomitant L-NMMA infusion.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our data argue against exenatide-induced reflex tachycardia as a response to vasodilation and rather suggest the involvement of SNS activation in humans.

KEYWORDS:

GLP-1 receptor agonist; haemodynamics; heart rate; sympathetic nervous system activity

PMID:
26609792
PMCID:
PMC4799913
DOI:
10.1111/bcp.12843
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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