Send to

Choose Destination
Am J Cancer Res. 2015 Aug 15;5(9):2892-911. eCollection 2015.

EGFR mutation incidence in non-small-cell lung cancer of adenocarcinoma histology: a systematic review and global map by ethnicity (mutMapII).

Author information

Tissue Diagnostics Group, AstraZeneca Macclesfield, UK.
Personalised Healthcare and Biomarkers, AstraZeneca Macclesfield, UK.


Mutations in the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene are commonly observed in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), particularly in tumors of adenocarcinoma (ADC) histology (NSCLC/ADC). Robust data exist regarding the prevalence of EGFR mutations in Western and Asian patients with NSCLC/ADC, yet there is a lack of data for patients of other ethnicities. This review collated available data with the aim of creating a complete, global picture of EGFR mutation frequency in patients with NSCLC/ADC by ethnicity. Worldwide literature reporting EGFR mutation frequency in patients with NSCLC/ADC was reviewed, to create a map of the world populated with EGFR mutation frequency by country (a 'global EGFR mutMap'). A total of 151 worldwide studies (n=33162 patients with NSCLC/ADC, of which 9749 patients had EGFR mutation-positive NSCLC/ADC) were included. There was substantial variation in EGFR mutation frequency between studies, even when grouped by geographic region or individual country. As expected, the Asia-Pacific NSCLC/ADC subgroup had the highest EGFR mutation frequency (47% [5958/12819; 87 studies; range 20%-76%]) and the lowest EGFR mutation frequency occurred in the Oceania NSCLC/ADC subgroup (12% [69/570; 4 studies; range 7%-36%]); however, comparisons between regions were limited due to the varying sizes of the patient populations studied. In all regional (geographic) subgroups where data were available, EGFR mutation frequency in NSCLC/ADC was higher in women compared with men, and in never-compared with ever-smokers. This review provides the foundation for a global map of EGFR mutation frequency in patients with NSCLC/ADC. The substantial lack of data from several large geographic regions of the world, notably Africa, the Middle East, Central Asia, and Central and South America, highlights a potential lack of routine mutation testing and the need for further investigations in these regions.


Adenocarcinoma; EGFR mutation frequency; non-small-cell lung cancer


Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center