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Eur Radiol. 2016 Aug;26(8):2845-52. doi: 10.1007/s00330-015-4108-2. Epub 2015 Nov 25.

The influence of precompression on elasticity of thyroid nodules estimated by ultrasound shear wave elastography.

Author information

1
Department of Imaging and Interventional Radiology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, Hong Kong.
2
Department of Imaging and Interventional Radiology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, Hong Kong. drkbhatia@cuhk.edu.hk.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To investigate the influence of variations in resting pressure (precompression) on thyroid ultrasound supersonic shear wave elastography (SWE).

METHODS:

Thirty-five normal thyroid glands (Norm), 55 benign hyperplastic nodules (BHN), and 17 papillary thyroid cancers (PTC) in 96 subjects underwent thyroid SWE. Four precompression levels were applied manually by the operator, ranging from A (baseline, 0 % strain) to D (high, 22-30 % strain). SWE results at each precompression level were compared using ANOVA tests with P < 0.05 indicating significance.

RESULTS:

SWE indices were highest in PTC, followed by BHN and Norm at each precompression level (P < 0.05). All tissue types showed successive increases in SWE results as precompression increased, although the rate was higher for PTC than BHN and Norm (Ps < 0.05). SWE values (kPa) of Norm, BHN, and PTC at baseline precompression (A) were 10.3 ± 3.3, 17.7 ± 7.6, and 22.2 ± 11.9 compared with 21.1 ± 4.2, 42.3 ± 16.0, and 97.6 ± 46.8 at high precompression (D). SWE index differences between precompression levels A and D were 10.8 kPa for Norm, 24.6 kPa for BHN, and 75.4 kPa for PTC.

CONCLUSION:

PTCs show greater SWE stiffening than BHN as precompression rises. Precompression effects on thyroid nodules are not negligible and may account for wide discrepancies in published SWE discriminatory performance results for thyroid malignancy.

KEY POINTS:

• Increases in resting pressure (precompression) applied by the operator increases thyroid stiffness. • Papillary cancers show greater increases in stiffness (strain hardening) than benign nodules. • Precompression may affect the diagnostic performance of shearwave elastography for thyroid malignancy.

KEYWORDS:

Elastography; Precompression; Shear wave imaging; Thyroid nodules; Ultrasound

PMID:
26607575
DOI:
10.1007/s00330-015-4108-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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