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PLoS Comput Biol. 2015 Nov 25;11(11):e1004578. doi: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1004578. eCollection 2015 Nov.

Towards a Molecular Understanding of the Link between Imatinib Resistance and Kinase Conformational Dynamics.

Author information

1
Department of Chemistry, University College London, London, United Kingdom.
2
Center of Technological Development in Health, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (Fiocruz), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
3
Proteomics Core Unit, Spanish National Cancer Research Centre (CNIO), Madrid, Spain.
4
Institute of Structural and Molecular Biology, University College London, London, United Kingdom.

Abstract

Due to its inhibition of the Abl kinase domain in the BCR-ABL fusion protein, imatinib is strikingly effective in the initial stage of chronic myeloid leukemia with more than 90% of the patients showing complete remission. However, as in the case of most targeted anti-cancer therapies, the emergence of drug resistance is a serious concern. Several drug-resistant mutations affecting the catalytic domain of Abl and other tyrosine kinases are now known. But, despite their importance and the adverse effect that they have on the prognosis of the cancer patients harboring them, the molecular mechanism of these mutations is still debated. Here by using long molecular dynamics simulations and large-scale free energy calculations complemented by in vitro mutagenesis and microcalorimetry experiments, we model the effect of several widespread drug-resistant mutations of Abl. By comparing the conformational free energy landscape of the mutants with those of the wild-type tyrosine kinases we clarify their mode of action. It involves significant and complex changes in the inactive-to-active dynamics and entropy/enthalpy balance of two functional elements: the activation-loop and the conserved DFG motif. What is more the T315I gatekeeper mutant has a significant impact on the binding mechanism itself and on the binding kinetics.

PMID:
26606374
PMCID:
PMC4659586
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pcbi.1004578
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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