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Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2016 Feb;124:418-425. doi: 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2015.11.018. Epub 2015 Nov 21.

Evaluation of adsorption properties of sulphurised activated carbon for the effective and economically viable removal of Zn(II) from aqueous solutions.

Author information

1
NREM, National Centre for Earth Science Studies (NCESS), Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES), Akkulam, Trivandrum 695031, India. Electronic address: sreeanoop@rediffmail.com.
2
Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology (IIST), Department of Space, Near LPSC, Valiamala Post, Trivandrum 695547, India. Electronic address: sreejalekshmi@gmail.com.
3
NREM, National Centre for Earth Science Studies (NCESS), Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES), Akkulam, Trivandrum 695031, India. Electronic address: vimexen2010@gmail.com.
4
NREM, National Centre for Earth Science Studies (NCESS), Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES), Akkulam, Trivandrum 695031, India. Electronic address: vinuvdev.dev@gmail.com.

Abstract

The prospective application of sulphurised activated carbon (SAC) as an ecofriendly and cost-effective adsorbent for Zinc(II) removal from aqueous phase is evaluated, with an emphasis on kinetic and isotherm aspects. SAC was prepared from sugarcane bagasse pith obtained from local juice shops in Sree Bhadrakali Devi Temple located at Ooruttukala, Neyyattinkara, Trivandrum, India during annual festive seasons. Activated carbon modified with sulphur containing ligands was opted as the adsorbent to leverage on the affinity of Zn(II) for sulphur. We report batch-adsorption experiments for parameter optimisations aiming at maximum removal of Zn(II) from liquid-phase using SAC. Adsorption of Zn(II) onto SAC was maximum at pH 6.5. For initial concentrations of 25 and 100mgL(-1), maximum of 12.3mgg(-1) (98.2%) and 23.7mgg(-1) (94.8%) of Zn(II) was adsorbed onto SAC at pH 6.5. Kinetic and equilibrium data were best described by pseudo-second-order and Langmuir models, respectively. A maximum adsorption capacity of 147mgg(-1) was obtained for the adsorption of Zn(II) onto SAC from aqueous solutions. The reusability of the spent adsorbent was also determined.

KEYWORDS:

Adsorption; Bagasse pith; Isotherm; Kinetics; Zinc

PMID:
26606181
DOI:
10.1016/j.ecoenv.2015.11.018
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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