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PLoS One. 2015 Nov 23;10(11):e0142117. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0142117. eCollection 2015.

Influence of Magnesium Alloy Degradation on Undifferentiated Human Cells.

Author information

1
Department of Prosthodontics, Faculty of Odontology, Malmö, Sweden.
2
Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, Geesthacht, Germany.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Magnesium alloys are of particular interest in medical science since they provide compatible mechanical properties with those of the cortical bone and, depending on the alloying elements, they have the capability to tailor the degradation rate in physiological conditions, providing alternative bioresorbable materials for bone applications. The present study investigates the in vitro short-term response of human undifferentiated cells on three magnesium alloys and high-purity magnesium (Mg).

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

The degradation parameters of magnesium-silver (Mg2Ag), magnesium-gadolinium (Mg10Gd) and magnesium-rare-earth (Mg4Y3RE) alloys were analysed after 1, 2, and 3 days of incubation in cell culture medium under cell culture condition. Changes in cell viability and cell adhesion were evaluated by culturing human umbilical cord perivascular cells on corroded Mg materials to examine how the degradation influences the cellular development.

RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS:

The pH and osmolality of the medium increased with increasing degradation rate and it was found to be most pronounced for Mg4Y3RE alloy. The biological observations showed that HUCPV exhibited a more homogeneous cell growth on Mg alloys compared to high-purity Mg, where they showed a clustered morphology. Moreover, cells exhibited a slightly higher density on Mg2Ag and Mg10Gd in comparison to Mg4Y3RE, due to the lower alkalinisation and osmolality of the incubation medium. However, cells grown on Mg10Gd and Mg4Y3RE generated more developed and healthy cellular structures that allowed them to better adhere to the surface. This can be attributable to a more stable and homogeneous degradation of the outer surface with respect to the incubation time.

PMID:
26600388
PMCID:
PMC4658158
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0142117
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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