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Luminescence. 2016 Jun;31(4):978-85. doi: 10.1002/bio.3061. Epub 2015 Nov 23.

Blue emitting ZnO nanostructures grown through cellulose bio-templates.

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Govt. V.Y.T. PG., Autonomous College, Durg (C.G.), India.
Department of Physics, BIT, Durg (C.G.), India.


This paper presents a green and cost-effective recipe for the synthesis of blue-emitting ZnO nanoparticles (NPs) using cellulose bio-templates. Azadirachta indica (neem) leaf extract prepared in different solvents were used as biological templates to produce nanostructures of wurtzite ZnO with a particle size ~12-36 nm. A cellulose-driven capping mechanism is used to describe the morphology of ZnO NPs. The scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infra-red (FTIR) and photoluminescence (PL) studies showed that solvents affect the growth process and the capping mechanism of bio-template severely. Structural changes in ZnO NPs were evident with variation in pH, dielectric constants (DC) and boiling points (BP) of solvents. Furthermore, an energy band model is proposed to explain the origin of the blue emission in the as-obtained ZnO NPs. PL excitation studies and the theoretical enthalpy values of individual defects were used to establish the association between the interstitial-zinc-related defect levels and the blue emission.


bio-templates; intrinsic defects in ZnO; nanostructures; photoluminescence

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