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J Perinatol. 2015 Dec;35 Suppl 1:S5-8. doi: 10.1038/jp.2015.142.

Recommendations for involving the family in developmental care of the NICU baby.

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School of Occupational Therapy, Brenau University, Gainesville, GA, USA.
Mississippi Lactation Services, Jackson, MS, USA.
Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Loma Linda University Children's Hospital, Loma Linda, CA, USA.
Division of Neonatology, St. John's Regional Medical Center, Oxnard, CA, USA.
Goldfarb School of Nursing at Barnes-Jewish College, St Louis, MO, USA.
Departments of Pediatrics and Psychiatry, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus and The Children's Hospital, Aurora, CO, USA.


Family involvement is a key to realize the potential for long-lasting positive effects on physical, cognitive and psychosocial development of all babies, including those in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Family-centered developmental care (FCDC) recognizes the family as vital members of the NICU health-care team. As such, families are integrated into decision-making processes and are collaborators in their baby's care. Through standardized use of FCDC principles in the NICU, a foundation is constructed to enhance the family's lifelong relationship with their child and optimize development of the baby. Recommendations are made for supporting parental roles as caregivers of their babies in the NICU, supporting NICU staff participation in FCDC and creating NICU policies that support this type of care. These recommendations are designed to meet the basic human needs of all babies, the special needs of hospitalized babies and the needs of families who are coping with the crisis of having a baby in the NICU.

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