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J Perinatol. 2015 Dec;35 Suppl 1:S24-8. doi: 10.1038/jp.2015.146.

NICU discharge planning and beyond: recommendations for parent psychosocial support.

Author information

1
Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA.
2
School of Occupational Therapy, Brenau University, Gainesville, GA, USA.
3
Cecil Picard Center for Child Development and College of Nursing and Allied Sciences, University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA, USA.

Abstract

Parents will interact with a multitude of teams from various disciplines during their child's admission to the neonatal intensive care unit. Recognition of the emotional stressors experienced by these parents is a first step in working to provide the crucial support and parenting skills needed for bonding and caring for their infant from admission through discharge and beyond. Family-centered care involves time-sensitive two-way communication between parents and the multidisciplinary team members who coordinate care transition by providing emotional, educational, medical and home visitor support for these families. To do this well, a thoughtful exchange of information between team members and parents is essential to identify psychosocial stress and ameliorate family concerns. Parents will need emotional and educational support and follow-up resources. Establishing individualized, flexible but realistic, pre- and post-discharge plans with parents is needed to start their healthy transition to home and community.

PMID:
26597802
PMCID:
PMC4660049
DOI:
10.1038/jp.2015.146
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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