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Trends Immunol. 2015 Dec;36(12):778-787. doi: 10.1016/j.it.2015.10.005.

Exit Strategies: S1P Signaling and T Cell Migration.

Author information

1
Skirball Institute of Biomolecular Medicine, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, USA.
2
Skirball Institute of Biomolecular Medicine, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, USA. Electronic address: Susan.Schwab@med.nyu.edu.

Abstract

Whereas the role of sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor 1 (S1PR1) in T cell egress and the regulation of S1P gradients between lymphoid organs and circulatory fluids in homeostasis are increasingly well understood, much remains to be learned about S1P signaling and distribution during an immune response. Recent data suggest that the role of S1PR1 in directing cells from tissues into circulatory fluids is reprised again and again, particularly in guiding activated T cells from non-lymphoid tissues into lymphatics. Conversely, S1P receptor 2 (S1PR2), which antagonizes migration towards chemokines, confines cells within tissues. Here we review the current understanding of the roles of S1P signaling in activated T cell migration. In this context, we outline open questions, particularly regarding the shape of S1P gradients in different tissues in homeostasis and inflammation, and discuss recent strategies to measure S1P.

PMID:
26596799
PMCID:
PMC4832571
DOI:
10.1016/j.it.2015.10.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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