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J Dent. 2016 Feb;45:14-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jdent.2015.11.004. Epub 2015 Nov 22.

Effect of a broad-spectrum LED curing light on the Knoop microhardness of four posterior resin based composites at 2, 4 and 6-mm depths.

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King Saud University, Restorative Dental Sciences, P.O. Box 60169, Riyadh 11545, Saudi Arabia.
Dental Clinical Sciences, Dalhousie University, P.O. Box 15000, Halifax, NS B3H4R2, Canada; University of Bonn-Rhein-Sieg, Applied Sciences, Department of Natural Sciences, von-Liebig-Strasse 20, 53359 Rhinebach, Germany; Tomas Bata University in Zlín, Faculty of Technology, náměstí T. G. Masaryka 275, 76272 Zlín, Czech Republic.
Dental Clinical Sciences, Dalhousie University, P.O. Box 15000, Halifax, NS B3H4R2, Canada.
Department of Physics and Atmospheric Science, Dalhousie University, P.O. BOX 15000, Halifax, NS B3H 4R2, Canada.
Dental Clinical Sciences, Dalhousie University, P.O. Box 15000, Halifax, NS B3H4R2, Canada. Electronic address:



To measure the Knoop microhardness at the bottom of four posterior resin-based composites (RBCs): Tetric EvoCeram Bulk Fill (Ivoclar Vivadent), SureFil SDR flow (DENTSPLY), SonicFill (Kerr), and x-tra fil (Voco).


The RBCs were expressed into metal rings that were 2, 4, or 6-mm thick with a 4-mm internal diameter at 30°C. The uncured specimens were covered by a Mylar strip and a Bluephase 20i (Ivoclar Vivadent) polywave(®) LED light-curing unit was used in high power setting for 20s. The specimens were then removed and placed immediately on a Knoop microhardness-testing device and the microhardness was measured at 9 points across top and bottom surfaces of each specimen. Five specimens were made for each condition.


As expected, for each RBC there was no significant difference in the microhardness values at the top of the 2, 4 and 6-mm thick specimens. SureFil SDR Flow was the softest resin, but was the only resin that had no significant difference between the KHN values at the bottom of the 2 and 4-mm (Mixed Model ANOVA p<0.05). Although the KHN of SureFil SDR Flow was only marginally significantly different between the 2 and 6-mm thickness, the bottom at 6-mm was only 59% of the hardness measured at the top.


This study highlights that clinicians need to consider how the depth of cure was evaluated when determining the depth of cure. SureFil SDR Flow was the softest material and, in accordance with manufacturer's instructions, this RBC should be overlaid with a conventional resin.


Broad spectrum LED curing light; Bulk fill resin based composites; Depth of cure; Knoop microhardness

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