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Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry. 2016 Apr 3;66:48-53. doi: 10.1016/j.pnpbp.2015.11.005. Epub 2015 Nov 16.

A proton spectroscopy study of white matter in children with autism.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA. Electronic address: hardanay@stanford.edu.
2
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA.
3
Center for Autism, Pediatric Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA; Center for Pediatric Behavioral Health, Pediatric Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA.
4
Department of Psychiatry, Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.
5
Department of Psychiatry, Beth Israel and Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.
6
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neurosciences, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI, USA.

Abstract

White matter abnormalities have been described in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) with mounting evidence implicating these alterations in the pathophysiology of the aberrant connectivity reported in this disorder. The goal of this investigation is to further examine white matter structure in ASD using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H MRS). Multi-voxel, short echo-time in vivo(1)H MRS data were collected from 17 male children with ASD and 17 healthy age- and gender-matched controls. Key (1)H MRS metabolite ratios relative to phosphocreatine plus creatine were obtained from four different right and left white matter regions. Significantly lower N-acetylaspartate/creatine ratios were found in the anterior white matter regions of the ASD group when compared to controls. These findings reflect impairment in neuroaxonal white matter tissue and shed light on the neurobiologic underpinnings of white matter abnormalities in ASD by implicating an alteration in myelin and/or axonal development in this disorder.

KEYWORDS:

Connectivity; In vivo(1)H MRS; N-acetylaspartate (NAA); Phosphocreatine plus creatine

PMID:
26593330
PMCID:
PMC4728039
DOI:
10.1016/j.pnpbp.2015.11.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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