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Clin Lab Med. 2015 Dec;35(4):723-43. doi: 10.1016/j.cll.2015.08.003. Epub 2015 Sep 26.

Ecology and Epidemiology of Lyme Borreliosis.

Author information

1
Marshfield Clinic Research Foundation, 1000 North Oak Avenue, Marshfield, WI 54449, USA. Electronic address: Schotthoefer.Anna@mcrf.mfldclin.edu.
2
Department of Pediatrics, Marshfield Clinic, 9601 Townline Road, Minocqua, WI 54548, USA.

Abstract

Lyme borreliosis is a zoonotic, tick-borne disease that infects humans worldwide. The disease is currently recognized as the most common vector-borne disease in Europe and North America. Disease is caused by several genospecies of the Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato complex. Humans are at high risk of infection in regions where highly competent reservoirs are the primary hosts for the subadult stages of the tick, in contrast to regions where less competent or refractory animals feed ticks. Human infections are also most frequently associated with spring and summer months when the nymph stage of the tick is active.

KEYWORDS:

Borrelia burgdorferi; Borreliosis; Ecology; Epidemiology; Incidence; Ixodes; Lyme disease

PMID:
26593254
DOI:
10.1016/j.cll.2015.08.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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