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Clin Chest Med. 2015 Dec;36(4):669-83. doi: 10.1016/j.ccm.2015.08.009.

Ocular Sarcoidosis.

Author information

1
Vitreoretinal and Uveitis Service, Legacy Devers Eye Institute, 1040 Northwest 22nd Avenue Suite 168, Portland, OR 97210, USA. Electronic address: spasadhi@LHS.ORG.
2
Legacy Devers Eye Institute, 1040 Northwest 22nd Avenue Suite 168, Portland, OR 97210, USA.

Abstract

Sarcoidosis is one of the leading causes of inflammatory eye disease. Ocular sarcoidosis can involve any part of the eye and its adnexal tissues and may cause uveitis, episcleritis/scleritis, eyelid abnormalities, conjunctival granuloma, optic neuropathy, lacrimal gland enlargement, and orbital inflammation. Glaucoma and cataract can be complications from inflammation itself or adverse effects from therapy. Ophthalmic manifestations can be isolated or associated with other organ involvement. Patients with ocular sarcoidosis can present with a wide range of clinical presentations and severity. Multidisciplinary approaches are required to achieve the best treatment outcomes for both ocular and systemic manifestations.

KEYWORDS:

Dry eye; Eye; Optic neuropathy; Orbital inflammation; Sarcoidosis; Uveitis

PMID:
26593141
PMCID:
PMC4662043
DOI:
10.1016/j.ccm.2015.08.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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