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Ecotoxicology. 2016 Jan;25(1):234-47. doi: 10.1007/s10646-015-1583-9. Epub 2015 Nov 20.

Genome sequencing reveals mechanisms for heavy metal resistance and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon degradation in Delftia lacustris strain LZ-C.

Author information

1
MOE Key Laboratory of Cell Activities and Stress Adaptations, School of Life Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, Gansu, People's Republic of China.
2
MOE Key Laboratory of Cell Activities and Stress Adaptations, School of Life Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, Gansu, People's Republic of China. xkli@lzu.edu.cn.

Abstract

Strain LZ-C, isolated from a petrochemical wastewater discharge site, was found to be resistant to heavy metals and to degrade various aromatic compounds, including naphenol, naphthalene, 2-methylnaphthalene and toluene. Data obtained from 16S rRNA gene sequencing showed that this strain was closely related to Delftia lacustris. The 5,889,360 bp genome of strain LZ-C was assembled into 239 contigs and 197 scaffolds containing 5855 predicted open reading frames (ORFs). Among these predicted ORFs, 464 were different from the type strain of Delftia. The minimal inhibitory concentrations were 4 mM, 30 µM, 2 mM and 1 mM for Cr(VI), Hg(II), Cd(II) and Pb(II), respectively. Both genome sequencing and quantitative real-time PCR data revealed that genes related to Chr, Czc and Mer family genes play important roles in heavy metal resistance in strain LZ-C. In addition, the Na(+)/H(+) antiporter NhaA is important for adaptation to high salinity resistance (2.5 M NaCl). The complete pathways of benzene and benzoate degradation were identified through KEGG analysis. Interestingly, strain LZ-C also degrades naphthalene but lacks the key naphthalene degradation gene NahA. Thus, we propose that strain LZ-C exhibits a novel protein with a function similar to NahA. This study is the first to reveal the mechanisms of heavy metal resistance and salinity tolerance in D. lacustris and to identify a potential 2-methylnaphthalene degradation protein in this strain. Through whole-genome sequencing analysis, strain LZ-C might be a good candidate for the bioremediation of heavy metals and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.

KEYWORDS:

Delftia lacustris; Genome sequencing; Heavy metal resistance; Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

PMID:
26589947
DOI:
10.1007/s10646-015-1583-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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