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Diabetologia. 2016 Mar;59(3):445-52. doi: 10.1007/s00125-015-3811-5. Epub 2015 Nov 20.

Random plasma glucose in early pregnancy is a better predictor of gestational diabetes diagnosis than maternal obesity.

Meek CL1,2,3, Murphy HR4,5,6, Simmons D5,7.

Author information

1
The Wellcome Trust-MRC Institute of Metabolic Science, Metabolic Research Laboratories, University of Cambridge, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Box 289, Hills Road, Cambridge, CB2 0QQ, UK. clm70@cam.ac.uk.
2
Wolfson Diabetes and Endocrinology Clinic, Cambridge University Hospitals, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, UK. clm70@cam.ac.uk.
3
Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Cambridge University Hospitals, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, UK. clm70@cam.ac.uk.
4
The Wellcome Trust-MRC Institute of Metabolic Science, Metabolic Research Laboratories, University of Cambridge, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Box 289, Hills Road, Cambridge, CB2 0QQ, UK.
5
Wolfson Diabetes and Endocrinology Clinic, Cambridge University Hospitals, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, UK.
6
Department of Medicine, University of East Anglia, Norwich Medical School, Norwich, UK.
7
School of Medicine, University of Western Sydney, Campbelltown, NSW, Australia.

Abstract

AIMS/HYPOTHESIS:

Asymptomatic pregnant women are screened for gestational diabetes (GDM) at 24-28 weeks' gestation. Recent guidelines also recommend screening early in gestation to identify undiagnosed pre-existing overt diabetes. We assessed the performance of random plasma glucose (RPG) testing at antenatal booking in predicting GDM diagnosis later in pregnancy.

METHODS:

Data from 25,543 consecutive singleton pregnancies at the Rosie Hospital in Cambridge (UK) were obtained from hospital electronic records as a service evaluation. All women were invited for an antenatal RPG (12-16 weeks) and a 50 g glucose challenge test (GCT; 24-28 weeks) with a 75 g OGTT if GCT >7.7 mmol/l (139 mg/dl).

RESULTS:

At booking, 17,736 women had an RPG that was able to predict GDM (receiver operating characteristic AUC 0.8) according to various diagnostic criteria in common use. A cut-off point of ≥7.5 mmol/l (135 mg/dl) gave a sensitivity of 0.70 and a specificity of 0.90 for GDM diagnosis. Theoretically, using this screening policy, 13.2% of women would have been categorised at high risk (26.3% had GDM) and 86.8% of women at low risk (1.7% had GDM). RPG performed better than maternal age (AUC 0.60) or BMI (AUC 0.65) at predicting GDM diagnosis.

CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION:

RPG at booking has reasonable performance as a screening test and is better than maternal age or BMI for identifying women at high risk of GDM. RPG cannot replace OGTT for diagnosis but it may be useful to exclude women who do not need further investigation for GDM and to identify women who could be prioritised for early diagnosis or lifestyle interventions.

PMID:
26589686
PMCID:
PMC4742503
DOI:
10.1007/s00125-015-3811-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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