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Bioinformatics. 2016 Apr 1;32(7):1040-7. doi: 10.1093/bioinformatics/btv675. Epub 2015 Nov 20.

iPQF: a new peptide-to-protein summarization method using peptide spectra characteristics to improve protein quantification.

Author information

1
Research Group Bioinformatics (NG 4), Robert Koch Institute, 13353 Berlin, Germany.

Abstract

MOTIVATION:

Isobaric labelling techniques such as iTRAQ and TMT are popular methods for relative protein abundance estimation in proteomic studies. However, measurements are assessed at the peptide spectrum level and exhibit substantial heterogeneity per protein. Hence, clever summarization strategies are required to infer protein ratios. So far, current methods rely exclusively on quantitative values, while additional information on peptides is available, yet it is not considered in these methods.

METHODS:

We present iPQF ( I: sobaric P: rotein Q: uantification based on F: eatures) as a novel peptide-to-protein summarization method, which integrates peptide spectra characteristics as well as quantitative values for protein ratio estimation. We investigate diverse features characterizing spectra reliability and reveal significant correlations to ratio accuracy in spectra. As a result, we developed a feature-based weighting of peptide spectra.

RESULTS:

A performance evaluation of iPQF in comparison to nine different protein ratio inference methods is conducted on five published MS2 and MS3 datasets with predefined ground truth. We demonstrate the benefit of using peptide feature information to improve protein ratio estimation. Compared to purely quantitative approaches, our proposed strategy achieves increased accuracy by addressing peptide spectra reliability.

AVAILABILITY AND IMPLEMENTATION:

The iPQF algorithm is available within the established R/Bioconductor package MSnbase (version ≥ 1.17.8).

CONTACT:

renardB@rki.de

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.

PMID:
26589272
DOI:
10.1093/bioinformatics/btv675
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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