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Diabetes Obes Metab. 2016 Jul;18(7):693-7. doi: 10.1111/dom.12606. Epub 2016 Jan 12.

One-year metreleptin improves insulin secretion in patients with diabetes linked to genetic lipodystrophic syndromes.

Author information

1
Sorbonne Universités, UPMC, Univ Paris 06, Paris, France.
2
Centre de Recherche Saint-Antoine, INSERM, UMR_S938, Paris, France.
3
ICAN, Institute of Cardiometabolism and Nutrition, Paris, France.
4
Service de Diabétologie et Endocrinologie, AP-HP, Groupe Hospitalier Lariboisière-Saint-Louis, Paris, France.
5
Service de Biochimie, AP-HP, Hôpital Saint-Louis, Paris, France.
6
Département de Pharmacie, AP-HP, Hôpital Saint-Louis, Paris, France.
7
Centre de Recherche des Cordeliers, INSERM, UMR_S1138, Paris, France.
8
Service d'Endocrinologie et des Maladies de la Reproduction, AP-HP, Hôpital Bicêtre, Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, France.
9
Service de Pédiatrie, Centre Hospitalier de Meaux, Meaux, France.
10
Service d'Endocrinologie, Diabétologie, Nutrition, AP-HP, Hôpital Bichat, Paris, France.
11
Service de Pédiatrie, CHRU Montpellier, Hôpital Arnaud de Villeneuve, Montpellier, France.
12
Service d'Endocrinologie et Métabolismes, Centre Hospitalier, Argenteuil, France.
13
Laboratoire Commun de Biologie et Génétique Moléculaires, AP-HP, Hôpital Saint-Antoine, Paris, France.
14
Service de Diabétologie, AP-HP, Groupe Hospitalier Pitié-Salpêtrière, Paris, France.
15
Service d'Endocrinologie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Côte-de-Nacre, Caen, France.
16
Service d'Endocrinologie, Centre Hospitalier Régional d'Orléans, Orléans, France.
17
Service d'Endocrinologie et Métabolisme, Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire de Lille, Lille, France.
18
University Paris-Diderot Paris-7, Paris, France.

Abstract

Recombinant methionyl human leptin (metreleptin) therapy was shown to improve hyperglycaemia, dyslipidaemia and insulin sensitivity in patients with lipodystrophic syndromes, but its effects on insulin secretion remain controversial. We used dynamic intravenous (i.v.) clamp procedures to measure insulin secretion, adjusted to insulin sensitivity, at baseline and after 1 year of metreleptin therapy, in 16 consecutive patients with lipodystrophy, diabetes and leptin deficiency. Patients, with a mean [± standard error of the mean (s.e.m.)] age of 39.2 (±4) years, presented with familial partial lipodystrophy (n = 11, 10 women) or congenital generalized lipodystrophy (n = 5, four women). Their mean (± s.e.m.) BMI (23.9 ± 0.7 kg/m(2) ), glycated haemoglobin levels (8.5 ± 0.4%) and serum triglycerides levels (4.6 ± 0.9 mmol/l) significantly decreased within 1 month of metreleptin therapy, then remained stable. Insulin sensitivity (from hyperglycaemic or euglycaemic-hyperinsulinaemic clamps, n = 4 and n = 12, respectively), insulin secretion during graded glucose infusion (n = 12), and acute insulin response to i.v. glucose adjusted to insulin sensitivity (disposition index, n = 12), significantly increased after 1 year of metreleptin therapy. The increase in disposition index was related to a decrease in percentage of total and trunk body fat. Metreleptin therapy improves not only insulin sensitivity, but also insulin secretion in patients with diabetes attributable to genetic lipodystrophies.

KEYWORDS:

glucose metabolism; insulin resistance; insulin secretion; leptin; lipodystrophy; observational study

PMID:
26584826
DOI:
10.1111/dom.12606
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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