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Optom Vis Sci. 2016 Jan;93(1):50-6. doi: 10.1097/OPX.0000000000000744.

Non-Contact and Contact Tonometry in Corneal Edema.

Author information

1
*MD †PhD Departments of Ophthalmology (SGG, AA, AK, LA, CS) and Biostatistics (ACY), Başkent University, Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To compare the intraocular pressure (IOP) values by Goldmann applanation tonometry (GAT) and Reichert 7 CR noncontact tonometry (R7CR-NCT) in patients with postsurgical corneal edema and to examine the impact of postoperative corneal edema on these values.

METHODS:

Forty-six patients with grade 4 and 5 cataracts were included in this study. Intraocular pressure was measured using GAT and R7CR-NCT before and 1 day after phacoemulsification. Central corneal thickness (CCT) was determined before and after surgery to quantify postsurgical corneal edema. The R7CR-NCT provided a Goldmann-correlated IOP (IOPg) and corneal-compensated IOP (IOPcc).

RESULTS:

The CCT increased significantly 1 day after surgery (the mean preoperative CCT, 543.5 ± 25.4 μm; the mean postoperative CCT, 681.5 ± 19.8 μm; p < 0.001), a mean increase of 26.7%. The preoperative R7CR-NCT measurements (the mean IOPcc, 18.8 ± 5.6 mm Hg; the mean IOPg, 17.8 ± 4.5 mm Hg) were significantly higher than GAT measurements (the mean GAT-IOP, 16.0 ± 3.4 mm Hg) (p < 0.001). On postoperative day 1, the R7CR-NCT measurement (the mean IOPcc, 27.0 ± 9.8 mm Hg; the mean IOPg, 25.1 ± 8.9 mm Hg) were significantly higher than GAT measurements (the mean GAT-IOP, 18.3 ± 7.9 mm Hg) (p < 0.001). The difference between postoperative R7CR-NCT and GAT-IOP values were significantly higher than the difference between preoperative R7CR-NCT and GAT-IOP values (p < 0.001 for both IOPcc to GAT-IOP and IOPg to GAT-IOP). The difference between postoperative IOPcc and GAT-IOP was significantly correlated to the change in CCT (r = 0.526, p < 0.001). Similarly, the difference between postoperative IOPg and GAT-IOP was significantly correlated to the change in CCT (r = 0.536, p < 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS:

The R7CR-NCT IOP values were high in patients with postsurgical intensive corneal edema. Consequently, the difference between R7CR-NCT IOP and GAT-IOP increased in edematous corneas.

PMID:
26583789
DOI:
10.1097/OPX.0000000000000744
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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