Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Heart Rhythm. 2016 Mar;13(3):789-97. doi: 10.1016/j.hrthm.2015.11.013. Epub 2015 Nov 12.

Genetic testing and genetic counseling in patients with sudden death risk due to heritable arrhythmias.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, Krannert Institute of Cardiology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana.
2
Department of Pediatrics and Medical and Molecular Genetics, Herman B Wells Center for Pediatric Research, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana. Electronic address: stware@iu.edu.

Abstract

Sudden cardiac death due to heritable ventricular arrhythmias is an important cause of mortality, especially in young healthy individuals. The identification of the genetic basis of Mendelian diseases associated with arrhythmia has allowed the integration of this information into the diagnosis and clinical management of patients and at-risk family members. The rapid expansion of genetic testing options and the increasing complexity involved in the interpretation of results creates unique opportunities and challenges. There is a need for competency to incorporate genetics into clinical management and to provide appropriate family-based risk assessment and information. In addition, disease-specific genetic knowledge is required to order and correctly interpret and apply genetic testing results. Importantly, genetic diagnosis has a critical role in the risk stratification and clinical management of family members. This review summarizes the approach to genetic counseling and genetic testing for inherited arrhythmias and highlights specific genetic principles that apply to long QT syndrome, short QT syndrome, Brugada syndrome, and catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia.

KEYWORDS:

Arrhythmia; Cascade genetic testing; Channelopathy; Genetic counseling; Genetic testing; Inherited; Syndrome

PMID:
26582592
DOI:
10.1016/j.hrthm.2015.11.013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center