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Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2016 Mar;23(6):5627-34. doi: 10.1007/s11356-015-5509-0. Epub 2015 Nov 18.

Enrichment of denitrifying methanotrophic bacteria from Taihu sediments by a membrane biofilm bioreactor at ambient temperature.

Author information

1
College of Life Science, Liaocheng University, Liaocheng, 252059, People's Republic of China.
2
State Key Joint Laboratory of Environment Simulation and Pollution Control, School of Environment, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, People's Republic of China.
3
State Key Joint Laboratory of Environment Simulation and Pollution Control, School of Environment, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, People's Republic of China. liangeng@tsinghua.edu.cn.
4
State Key Joint Laboratory of Environment Simulation and Pollution Control, School of Environment, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, People's Republic of China. xhuang@tsinghua.edu.cn.

Abstract

Denitrification coupled to anaerobic methane oxidation is a recently discovered process performed by bacteria affiliated to the NC10 phylum. These microorganisms could play important roles in the energy-efficient way of anaerobic wastewater treatment where residual dissolved methane might be removed at the expense of nitrate or nitrite. The difficulty to enrich these microorganisms due to a slow growth rate, especially at low temperatures, limited its application in engineering field. In this study, an NC10 bacteria community was enriched from Taihu sediments by a membrane biofilm bioreactor at ambient temperature of 10-25 °C. After 13 months enrichment, the maximum denitrification rate of the enriched culture reached 0.54 mM day(-1) for nitrate and 1.06 mM day(-1) for nitrite. Anaerobic methane oxidation coupled denitrification was estimated from the (13)C-labeled CO2 ((13)CO2) production during batch incubations with (13)CH4. Furthermore, analysis of 16S rRNA genes clone library confirmed the presence of NC10 phylum bacteria and fluorescence in situ hybridization showed that NC10 bacteria dominated the reactor. All of the results indicated the NC10 bacteria community was competitive in terms of treating nitrate-contaminated water or wastewater under natural conditions.

KEYWORDS:

Anaerobic oxidation; Denitrification; Membrane biofilm bioreactor; Methane; NC10 phylum

PMID:
26578374
DOI:
10.1007/s11356-015-5509-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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