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Sci Rep. 2015 Nov 18;5:16828. doi: 10.1038/srep16828.

Structural basis of Sorcin-mediated calcium-dependent signal transduction.

Author information

1
Institute of Molecular Biology and Pathology CNR; Dept. Biochemical Sciences, Sapienza University, P.le A. Moro 5, 00185, Rome, Italy.
2
Centro de Biología Molecular Severo Ochoa, CSIC -Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Departamento Biología Celular e Inmunología, Cantoblanco; Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Enfermedades Hepáticas y Digestivas (CIBERehd), Madrid, Spain.
3
Department of Chemistry-BMC, Uppsala University, P.O. Box 576, 751 23 Uppsala, Sweden.

Abstract

Sorcin is an essential penta-EF hand calcium binding protein, able to confer the multi-drug resistance phenotype to drug-sensitive cancer cells and to reduce Endoplasmic Reticulum stress and cell death. Sorcin silencing blocks cell cycle progression in mitosis and induces cell death by triggering apoptosis. Sorcin participates in the modulation of calcium homeostasis and in calcium-dependent cell signalling in normal and cancer cells. The molecular basis of Sorcin action is yet unknown. The X-ray structures of Sorcin in the apo (apoSor) and in calcium bound form (CaSor) reveal the structural basis of Sorcin action: calcium binding to the EF1-3 hands promotes a large conformational change, involving a movement of the long D-helix joining the EF1-EF2 sub-domain to EF3 and the opening of EF1. This movement promotes the exposure of a hydrophobic pocket, which can accommodate in CaSor the portion of its N-terminal domain displaying the consensus binding motif identified by phage display experiments. This domain inhibits the interaction of sorcin with PDCD6, a protein that carries the Sorcin consensus motif, co-localizes with Sorcin in the perinuclear region of the cell and in the midbody and is involved in the onset of apoptosis.

PMID:
26577048
PMCID:
PMC4649501
DOI:
10.1038/srep16828
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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