Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Med Ultrason (2001). 2015 Oct;42(4):533-40. doi: 10.1007/s10396-015-0628-2. Epub 2015 Apr 8.

The role of transvaginal power Doppler ultrasound in the differential diagnosis of benign intrauterine focal lesions.

Author information

1
Gynecology Department, Zeynep Kamil Women and Children's Diseases Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey. ebrucogendez@gmail.com.
2
Gynecology Department, Zeynep Kamil Women and Children's Diseases Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.
3
Radiology Department, Zeynep Kamil Women and Children's Diseases Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.
4
Gynecology Department, GATA Haydarpasa Training Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.
5
Pathology Department, Zeynep Kamil Women and Children's Diseases Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The purpose of this prospective study was to assess the role of power Doppler imaging in the differential diagnosis of benign intrauterine focal lesions such as endometrial polyps and submucous myomas using the characteristics of power Doppler flow mapping.

METHODS:

A total of 480 premenopausal patients with abnormal uterine bleeding were evaluated by transvaginal ultrasonography (TVS) searching for intrauterine pathology. Sixty-four patients with a suspicious focal endometrial lesion received saline infusion sonography (SIS) after TVS. Fifty-eight patients with focal endometrial lesions underwent power Doppler ultrasound (PDUS). Three different vascular flow patterns were defined: Single vessel pattern, multiple vessel pattern, and circular flow pattern. Finally, hysteroscopic resection was performed in all cases, and Doppler flow characteristics were then compared with the final histopathological findings.

RESULTS:

Histopathological results were as follows: endometrial polyp: 40 (69 %), submucous myoma: 18 (31 %). Of the cases with endometrial polyps, 80 % demonstrated a single vessel pattern, 7.5 % a multiple vessel pattern, and 0 % a circular pattern. Vascularization was not observed in 12.5 % of patients with polyps. Of the cases with submucousal myomas, 72.2 % demonstrated a circular flow pattern, 27.8 % a multiple vessel pattern, and none of them showed a single vessel pattern. The sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of the single vessel pattern in diagnosing endometrial polyps were 80, 100, 100, and 69.2 %, respectively; and for the circular pattern in diagnosing submucous myoma, these were 72.2, 100, 100, and 88.9 %, respectively.

CONCLUSION:

Power Doppler blood flow mapping is a useful, practical, and noninvasive diagnostic method for the differential diagnosis of benign intrauterine focal lesions. Especially in cases of recurrent abnormal uterine bleeding, recurrent abortion, and infertility, PDUS can be preferred as a first-line diagnostic method.

KEYWORDS:

Endometrial polyp; Power Doppler ultrasound; Submucous myoma

PMID:
26576978
DOI:
10.1007/s10396-015-0628-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Springer
Loading ...
Support Center