Send to

Choose Destination
Clin Physiol Funct Imaging. 2017 Jul;37(4):405-412. doi: 10.1111/cpf.12318. Epub 2015 Nov 17.

Inter- and intramuscular differences in training-induced hypertrophy of the quadriceps femoris: association with muscle activation during the first training session.

Author information

Faculty of Health and Sports Science, Doshisha University, Kyotanabe, Kyoto, Japan.
Graduate School of Engineering and Science, Shibaura Institute of Technology, Saitama-shi, Saitama, Japan.
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan.
National Institute of Fitness and Sports in Kanoya, Kanoya, Kagoshima, Japan.
Faculty of Sport Sciences, Waseda University, Tokorozawa, Saitama, Japan.


The purpose of this study was to examine whether inter- and intramuscular differences in hypertrophy induced by resistance training correspond to differences in muscle activation during the first training session. Eleven young men completed 12 weeks of training intervention for knee extension. Before and after the intervention, T1-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) images were recorded to determine the volume and anatomical cross-sectional area (CSA) along the length of the individual muscles of the quadriceps femoris. The T2-weighted MR images were also acquired before and immediately after the first training session. The T2 was calculated for each pixel within the quadriceps femoris, from which the muscle activation was evaluated as %activated volume and area. The results showed that the %activated volume after the first training session was significantly higher in the vastus intermedius than the vastus medialis. However, the relative change in muscle volume after the training intervention was significantly greater in the rectus femoris than the vasti muscles (vastus lateralis, intermedius and medialis). Within the rectus femoris, both the %activated area and relative increase in CSA were significantly greater in the distal region than the proximal region. In contrast, the %activated area and relative increase in CSA of the vasti were nearly uniform along each muscle. These results suggest that the muscle activation during the first training session is associated with the intramuscular difference in hypertrophy induced by training intervention, but not with the intermuscular difference.


cross-sectional area; knee extensors; magnetic resonance image; muscle volume; transverse relaxation time

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center