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Curr Opin Gastroenterol. 2016 Jan;32(1):44-8. doi: 10.1097/MOG.0000000000000229.

Colonic and anorectal motility testing in the high-resolution era.

Author information

1
aDepartment of Surgery and Gastroenterology, Flinders Medical Centre, Flinders University, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia bNational Centre for Bowel Research and Surgical Innovation and the GI Physiology Unit, Queen Mary University of London, London, United Kingdom.

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW:

The past few years have seen an increase in the number of research and clinical groups around the world using high-resolution manometry (HRM) to record contractile activity in the anorectum and colon. Yet despite the uptake and growing number of publications, the clinical utility and potential advantages over traditional manometry remain undetermined.

RECENT FINDINGS:

Nearly all of the publications in the field of anorectal and colonic HRM have been published within the last 3 years. These studies have included some data on normal ranges in healthy adults, and abnormalities in patient groups with constipation or fecal incontinence, anal fissure, perineal descent, rectal cancer, and Hirschsprung's disease. Most of the studies have been conducted on adults, with only three published studies in pediatric populations. Very few studies have attempted to show advantages of HRM over traditional manometry

SUMMARY:

High-resolution anorectal and colonic manometry provide a more comprehensive characterization of motility patterns and coordinated activity; this may help to improve our understanding of the normal physiology and pathophysiology in these regions. To date, however, no published study has conclusively demonstrated a clinical, diagnostic, or interventional advantage over conventional manometry.

PMID:
26574870
DOI:
10.1097/MOG.0000000000000229
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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