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Poult Sci. 2016 Jan;95(1):115-24. doi: 10.3382/ps/pev306. Epub 2015 Nov 14.

Effect of light-emitting diode (LED) vs. fluorescent (FL) lighting on laying hens in aviary hen houses: Part 2 - Egg quality, shelf-life and lipid composition.

Author information

1
Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing, 100193, China.
2
Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA.
3
Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA.
4
College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing, 100193, China.
5
Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA tongwang@iastate.edu.

Abstract

In this 60-wk study, egg quality, egg shelf-life, egg cholesterol content, total yolk lipids, and yolk fatty acid composition of eggs produced by Dekalb white laying hens in commercial aviary houses with either light-emitting diode (LED) or fluorescent (FL) lighting were compared. All parameters were measured at 27, 40, and 60 wk of age, except for egg shelf-life, which was compared at 50 wk of age. The results showed that, compared to the FL regimen, the LED regimen resulted in higher egg weight, albumen height, and albumen weight at 27 wk of age, thicker shells at 40 wk of age, but lower egg weight at 60 wk of age. Egg quality change was similar between the lighting regimens during the 62-d egg storage study, indicating that LED lighting did not influence egg shelf-life. Eggs from both lighting regimens had similar cholesterol content. However, cholesterol concentration of the yolk (15.9 to 21.0 mg cholesterol/g wet weight yolk) observed in this study was higher than that of United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) database (10.85 mg/g). No significant differences in total lipids or fatty acid composition of the yolks were detected between the two lighting regimens.

KEYWORDS:

LED; cholesterol; egg quality; fluorescent light; laying hen

PMID:
26574027
DOI:
10.3382/ps/pev306
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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