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Angew Chem Int Ed Engl. 2015 Dec 21;54(52):15730-3. doi: 10.1002/anie.201508129. Epub 2015 Nov 16.

Conductivity-Dependent Completion of Oxygen Reduction on Oxide Catalysts.

Author information

1
School of Energy and Chemical Engineering, UNIST, Ulsan 44919 (Korea) http://echem.kr.
2
School of Energy and Chemical Engineering, UNIST, Ulsan 44919 (Korea) http://echem.kr. gtkim@unist.ac.kr.
3
School of Energy and Chemical Engineering, UNIST, Ulsan 44919 (Korea) http://echem.kr. philiphobi@hotmail.com.

Abstract

The electric conductivity-dependence of the number of electrons transferred during the oxygen reduction reaction is presented. Intensive properties, such as the number of electrons transferred, are difficult to be considered conductivity-dependent. Four different perovskite oxide catalysts of different conductivities were investigated with varying carbon contents. More conductive environments surrounding active sites, achieved by more conductive catalysts (providing internal electric pathways) or higher carbon content (providing external electric pathways), resulted in higher number of electrons transferred toward more complete 4e reduction of oxygen, and also changed the rate-determining steps from two-step 2e process to a single-step 1e process. Experimental evidence of the conductivity dependency was described by a microscopic ohmic polarization model based on effective potential localized nearby the active sites.

KEYWORDS:

electric conductivity; electrocatalysis; electron transfer; oxygen reduction; perovskite oxides

PMID:
26568300
DOI:
10.1002/anie.201508129

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