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Sleep Med Clin. 2015 Dec;10(4):523-35. doi: 10.1016/j.jsmc.2015.08.006. Epub 2015 Sep 26.

Jet Lag and Shift Work Disorder.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, Center for Circadian and Sleep Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, 710 North Lakeshore Drive, Room 522, Chicago, IL 60611, USA. Electronic address: k-reid@northwestern.edu.
2
Department of Neurology, Center for Circadian and Sleep Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, 710 North Lakeshore Drive, Room 524, Chicago, IL 60611, USA.

Abstract

Jet lag and shift work disorder are circadian rhythm sleep-wake disorders resulting from behaviorally altering the sleep-wake schedule in relation to the external environment. Not everyone who experiences trans-meridian travel or performs shift work has a disorder. The prevalence of jet lag disorder is unclear, approximately 5%-10% of shift workers have shift work disorder. Treatment aims to realign the internal circadian clock with the external environment. Behavioral therapies include sleep hygiene and management of the light-dark and sleep schedule. Pharmacologic agents are used to treat insomnia and excessive sleepiness, and melatonin is used to facilitate sleep and circadian realignment.

KEYWORDS:

Circadian misalignment; Irregular schedules; Jet lag; Night work; Shift work; Sleep loss; Transmeridian travel

PMID:
26568127
DOI:
10.1016/j.jsmc.2015.08.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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