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Acta Radiol. 2016 Sep;57(9):1033-9. doi: 10.1177/0284185115616292. Epub 2015 Nov 13.

To assess the association between vertebral marrow fat content and colorectal adenoma in postmenopausal women using magnetic resonance spectroscopy.

Author information

1
Department of Radiology, Ningbo Medical Treatment Center Lihuili Hospital, Zhejiang, PR China xuhaidongnb@163.com.
2
Department of Radiology, Ningbo Medical Treatment Center Lihuili Hospital, Zhejiang, PR China.
3
Department of Anus-intestines, Ningbo Medical Treatment Center Lihuili Hospital, Zhejiang, PR China.
4
Department of Radiology, Yueyang Hospital, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, PR China.
5
Shanghai Key Laboratory of Magnetic Resonance, East China Normal University, Shanghai, PR China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Although lower bone mineral density (BMD) is considered to have an increased risk for colorectal adenoma, no association between marrow fat content and colorectal adenoma has been elucidated yet.

PURPOSE:

To evaluate the relationship between marrow fat fraction (MFF) and the presence of colorectal adenoma in postmenopausal women using magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS).

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

We performed a cross-sectional observational study on 152 postmenopausal patients with colorectal adenoma and 100 matched control subjects who underwent screening colonoscopy, biochemical measurements, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, and MRS. Logistic regression models were performed to assess the relationships among BMD, MFF, and colorectal adenoma.

RESULTS:

With univariate analysis, marrow fat accumulation was higher and BMD values were lower in patients with colorectal adenoma compared with those in controls. After adjustment for potential confounders including demographics, health history, blood lipid levels, indexes of glucose metabolism, and validated measures of diet and physical activity, MFF was significantly positively associated with colorectal adenoma (odds ratio [OR], 1.64; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.10-2.46; P = 0.008). Vertebral BMD, but not total hip and femoral neck BMD, was inversely related with colorectal adenoma (OR, 0.62; 95% CI, 0.14-0.89; P = 0.027). Additionally, MFF was associated with adenoma number, size, and high-risk adenoma (all P < 0.01). MFF was found to be an independent risk factor of a high-risk colorectal adenoma (OR, 2.08; 95% CI, 1.24-3.60; P = 0.019).

CONCLUSION:

Marrow fat accumulation is highly associated with colorectal adenoma, particularly high-risk adenoma, in postmenopausal women.

KEYWORDS:

Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS); blood lipid; bone mineral density; colorectal adenoma; marrow fat fraction

PMID:
26567964
DOI:
10.1177/0284185115616292
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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