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J Am Heart Assoc. 2015 Nov 13;4(11). pii: e002454. doi: 10.1161/JAHA.115.002454.

Impact of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome on Endothelial Function, Arterial Stiffening, and Serum Inflammatory Markers: An Updated Meta-analysis and Metaregression of 18 Studies.

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Department of Cardiac Surgery, Beijing An Zhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China (J.W., W.Y., M.G., F.Z., C.G., Y.Y.).
Department of Otolaryngology, Beijing An Zhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China (Y.W.).



Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) has been indicated to contribute to the development of cardiovascular disease; however, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. This study aimed to test the hypothesis that OSAS may be associated with cardiovascular disease by elevating serum levels of inflammatory markers and causing arterial stiffening and endothelial dysfunction.


Related scientific reports published from January 1, 2006, to June 30, 2015, were searched in the following electronic literature databases: PubMed, Excerpta Medica Database, ISI Web of Science, Directory of Open Access Journals, and the Cochrane Library. The association of OSAS with serum levels of inflammatory markers, endothelial dysfunction, and arterial stiffening were investigated. Overall, 18 eligible articles containing 736 patients with OSAS and 424 healthy persons were included in this meta-analysis. Flow-mediated dilation in patients with moderate-severe OSAS was significantly lower than that in controls (standardized mean difference -1.02, 95% CI -1.31 to -0.73, P<0.0001). Carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (standardized mean difference 0.45, 95% CI 0.21-0.69, P<0.0001), augmentation index (standardized mean difference 0.57, 95% CI 0.25-0.90, P<0.0001), and serum levels of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein and C-reactive protein (standardized mean difference 0.58, 95% CI 0.42-0.73, P<0.0001) were significantly higher in patients with OSAS than in controls.


OSAS, particularly moderate-severe OSAS, appeared to reduce endothelial function, increase arterial stiffness, and cause chronic inflammation, leading to the development of cardiovascular disease.


C‐reactive protein; arterial stiffening; endothelial dysfunction; obstructive sleep apnea

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