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J Biol Chem. 1989 Jun 15;264(17):10219-27.

Purification and properties of deacetoxycephalosporin C synthase from recombinant Escherichia coli and its comparison with the native enzyme purified from Streptomyces clavuligerus.

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1
Lilly Research Laboratories, Eli Lilly and Company, Indianapolis, Indiana 46285.

Abstract

A putatively rate-limiting synthase (expandase) of Streptomyces clavuligerus was stabilized in vitro and purified 46-fold from cell-free extracts; a major enriched protein with a Mr of 35,000 was further purified by electrophoretic elution. Based on a 22-residue amino-terminal sequence of the protein, the synthase gene of S. clavuligerus was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli (Kovacevic, S., Weigel, B.J., Tobin, M.B., Ingolia, T.D., and Miller, J. R. (1989) J. Bacteriol. 171, 754-760). The synthase protein was detected mainly from granules of recombinant E. coli. The recombinant synthase was solubilized from the granules by urea, and for the first time a highly active synthase was purified to near homogeneity. The synthase was a monomer with a Mr of 34,600 and exhibited two isoelectric points of 6.1 and 5.3. Its catalytic activity required alpha-ketoglutarate, Fe2+, and O2, was stimulated by dithiothreitol or ascorbate but not by ATP, and was optimal at pH 7.0 in 4-(2-hydroxyethyl)-1-piperazineethanesulfonic acid buffer and at 36 degrees C. The Fe2+ requirement was specific, and at least one sulfhydryl group in the purified enzyme was apparently essential for the ring expansion. The Km values of the enzyme for penicillin N and alpha-ketoglutarate were 29 and 18 microM, respectively, and the Ka for Fe2+ was 8 microM. The recombinant synthase was indistinguishable from the native synthase of S. clavuligerus by those biochemical properties. In addition to the enzymic ring expansion of penicillin N to deacetoxycephalosporin C, the recombinant synthase catalyzed a novel hydroxylation of 3-exomethylenecephalosporin C to deacetylcephalosporin C.

PMID:
2656705
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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