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Plant Sci. 2016 Jan;242:3-13. doi: 10.1016/j.plantsci.2015.07.010. Epub 2015 Jul 19.

Next generation breeding.

Author information

1
Consiglio per la ricerca in agricoltura e l'analisi dell'economia agraria, Genomics Research Centre, Via San Protaso 302, 29017 Fiorenzuola d'Arda, Italy.
2
Consiglio per la ricerca in agricoltura e l'analisi dell'economia agraria, Rice Research Unit, SS 11 to Torino Km 2.5, 13100 Vercelli, Italy.
3
Consiglio per la ricerca in agricoltura e l'analisi dell'economia agraria, Research Unit for Cereal Selection in Continental areas, via R. Forlani, e, 26866 S. Angelo Lodigiano, Italy.
4
Consiglio per la ricerca in agricoltura e l'analisi dell'economia agraria, Genomics Research Centre, Via San Protaso 302, 29017 Fiorenzuola d'Arda, Italy. Electronic address: luigi.cattivelli@entecra.it.

Abstract

The genomic revolution of the past decade has greatly improved our understanding of the genetic make-up of living organisms. The sequencing of crop genomes has completely changed our vision and interpretation of genome organization and evolution. Re-sequencing allows the identification of an unlimited number of markers as well as the analysis of germplasm allelic diversity based on allele mining approaches. High throughput marker technologies coupled with advanced phenotyping platforms provide new opportunities for discovering marker-trait associations which can sustain genomic-assisted breeding. The availability of genome sequencing information is enabling genome editing (site-specific mutagenesis), to obtain gene sequences desired by breeders. This review illustrates how next generation sequencing-derived information can be used to tailor genomic tools for different breeders' needs to revolutionize crop improvement.

KEYWORDS:

Allele diversity; Genome editing; Genomic selection; Molecular markers; Next generation sequencing; Plant breeding

PMID:
26566820
DOI:
10.1016/j.plantsci.2015.07.010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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