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Stroke. 2016 Jan;47(1):151-9. doi: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.115.009416. Epub 2015 Nov 12.

Cerebrolysin and Recovery After Stroke (CARS): A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled, Double-Blind, Multicenter Trial.

Author information

1
From the Department of Clinical Neurosciences, "Iuliu Hatieganu" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca, Romania (D.F.M.); Max Planck Institute for Metabolism Research, Cologne, Germany (W.-D.H.); Department of Neurology, SHR Gesundheitszentrum Bad Wimpfen GmbH, Bad Wimpfen, Germany (V.H.); Department of Neurology, "Carol Davila" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania (O.B.); Department of Neurology, "Grigore T. Popa" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Iasi, Romania (C.D.P.); Department of Biometry and Clinical Research, IDV Data Analysis and Study Planning, Krailling, Germany (J.C.V., V.W.R.); Department of Clinical Research, EVER Neuro Pharma GmbH, Unterach, Austria (E.D., D.M., H.M.); Department of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Genetics, Russian National Research Medical University, Moscow City Hospital No. 8 for Neuropsychiatry, Moscow, Russia (A.G.); and "RoNeuro" Institute for Neurological Research and Diagnostic, Cluj-Napoca, Romania (D.F.M.). dafinm@ssnn.ro.
2
From the Department of Clinical Neurosciences, "Iuliu Hatieganu" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca, Romania (D.F.M.); Max Planck Institute for Metabolism Research, Cologne, Germany (W.-D.H.); Department of Neurology, SHR Gesundheitszentrum Bad Wimpfen GmbH, Bad Wimpfen, Germany (V.H.); Department of Neurology, "Carol Davila" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania (O.B.); Department of Neurology, "Grigore T. Popa" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Iasi, Romania (C.D.P.); Department of Biometry and Clinical Research, IDV Data Analysis and Study Planning, Krailling, Germany (J.C.V., V.W.R.); Department of Clinical Research, EVER Neuro Pharma GmbH, Unterach, Austria (E.D., D.M., H.M.); Department of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Genetics, Russian National Research Medical University, Moscow City Hospital No. 8 for Neuropsychiatry, Moscow, Russia (A.G.); and "RoNeuro" Institute for Neurological Research and Diagnostic, Cluj-Napoca, Romania (D.F.M.).

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:

The aim of this trial was to investigate whether stroke patients who receive Cerebrolysin show improved motor function in the upper extremities at day 90 compared with patients who receive a placebo.

METHODS:

This study was a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter, parallel-group study. Patients were treated with Cerebrolysin (30 mL/d) or a placebo (saline) once daily for 21 days, beginning at 24 to 72 hours after stroke onset. The patients also participated in a standardized rehabilitation program for 21 days that was initiated within 72 hours after stroke onset. The primary end point was the Action Research Arm Test score on day 90.

RESULTS:

The nonparametric effect size on the Action Research Arm Test score on day 90 indicated a large superiority of Cerebrolysin compared with the placebo (Mann-Whitney estimator, 0.71; 95% confidence interval, 0.63-0.79; P<0.0001). The multivariate effect size on global status, as assessed using 12 different outcome scales, indicated a small-to-medium superiority of Cerebrolysin (Mann-Whitney estimator, 0.62; 95% confidence interval, 0.58-0.65; P<0.0001). The rate of premature discontinuation was <5% (3.8%). Cerebrolysin was safe and well tolerated.

CONCLUSIONS:

Cerebrolysin had a beneficial effect on function and global outcome in early rehabilitation patients after stroke. Its safety was comparable with that of the placebo, suggesting a favorable benefit/risk ratio. Because this study was exploratory and had a relatively small sample size, the results should be confirmed in a large-scale, randomized clinical trial.

CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION:

URL: http://www.clinicaltrialsregister.eu. Unique identifier: 2007-000870-21.

KEYWORDS:

Cerebrolysin; randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial; recovery of function; rehabilitation; stroke

PMID:
26564102
PMCID:
PMC4689177
DOI:
10.1161/STROKEAHA.115.009416
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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