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J Behav Med. 2016 Apr;39(2):201-13. doi: 10.1007/s10865-015-9692-8. Epub 2015 Nov 12.

Effects of a mindfulness-based intervention on mindful eating, sweets consumption, and fasting glucose levels in obese adults: data from the SHINE randomized controlled trial.

Author information

1
Osher Center for Integrative Medicine, University of California - San Francisco (UCSF), 1545 Divisadero Street, 4th Floor, San Francisco, CA, 94115, USA. ashley.mason@ucsf.edu.
2
Osher Center for Integrative Medicine, University of California - San Francisco (UCSF), 1545 Divisadero Street, 4th Floor, San Francisco, CA, 94115, USA.
3
Center for Health and Community, UCSF, San Francisco, CA, USA.
4
Department of Psychology, Indiana State University, Terre Haute, IN, USA.
5
Department of Pediatrics, UCSF, San Francisco, CA, USA.
6
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, UCSF, San Francisco, CA, USA.
7
UC Berkeley School of Public Health, Berkeley, CA, USA.

Abstract

We evaluated changes in mindful eating as a potential mechanism underlying the effects of a mindfulness-based intervention for weight loss on eating of sweet foods and fasting glucose levels. We randomized 194 obese individuals (M age = 47.0 ± 12.7 years; BMI = 35.5 ± 3.6; 78% women) to a 5.5-month diet-exercise program with or without mindfulness training. The mindfulness group, relative to the active control group, evidenced increases in mindful eating and maintenance of fasting glucose from baseline to 12-month assessment. Increases in mindful eating were associated with decreased eating of sweets and fasting glucose levels among mindfulness group participants, but this association was not statistically significant among active control group participants. Twelve-month increases in mindful eating partially mediated the effect of intervention arm on changes in fasting glucose levels from baseline to 12-month assessment. Increases in mindful eating may contribute to the effects of mindfulness-based weight loss interventions on eating of sweets and fasting glucose levels.

KEYWORDS:

Fasting glucose; Mindful eating; Mindfulness intervention; Obese adults; Sweet foods

PMID:
26563148
PMCID:
PMC4801689
DOI:
10.1007/s10865-015-9692-8
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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