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Radiographics. 2015 Nov-Dec;35(7):1989-2006. doi: 10.1148/rg.2015140260.

Three-dimensional Physical Modeling: Applications and Experience at Mayo Clinic.

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From the Division of Pediatric Radiology, Department of Radiology (J.S.M.); Division of Neuroradiology, Department of Radiology (J.M.M.); Division of Cardiovascular Radiology, Department of Radiology (T.A.F., E.E.W., T.J.V.); Division of Abdominal Imaging, Department of Radiology (E.E.W., T.J.V.); Division of Medical Physics, Department of Radiology (S.L., K.P.M.); Division of Engineering (J.L.K.); and Department of Radiology (L.E.N.), Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905.


Radiologists will be at the center of the rapid technologic expansion of three-dimensional (3D) printing of medical models, as accurate models depend on well-planned, high-quality imaging studies. This article outlines the available technology and the processes necessary to create 3D models from the radiologist's perspective. We review the published medical literature regarding the use of 3D models in various surgical practices and share our experience in creating a hospital-based three-dimensional printing laboratory to aid in the planning of complex surgeries.

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