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Cell. 1989 May 19;57(4):621-32.

The t complex polypeptide 1 (TCP-1) is associated with the cytoplasmic aspect of Golgi membranes.

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Institute of Cancer Research, Chester Beatty Laboratories, London, England.


The t complex polypeptide 1 (TCP-1) is a protein of unknown function expressed in large amounts during spermatogenesis. Rat monoclonal antibodies recognizing TCP-1 have been prepared and used to immunoprecipitate and Western blot a 57 kd protein from germ cell and tissue culture cell extracts. In tissue culture cells, indirect immunofluorescent localization of antigen indicated a perinuclear distribution similar to that of the Golgi apparatus. Analysis of the TCP-1 distribution in tissue culture cells showed that the polypeptide was associated with the cytoplasmic aspect of membranes of the trans-Golgi network (TGN). The distribution in spermatids suggested that TCP-1 was localized to structures often associated with the developing acrosome. The TCP-1 antigenic epitopes are highly conserved, allowing the protein to be identified in cells across a wide variety of vertebrate species and tissues. These experiments suggest that TCP-1 may be essential for transport of proteins through the exocytic pathway in all cells and required in large amounts for acrosome formation in developing spermatids.

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