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Indian J Anaesth. 2015 Sep;59(9):618-26. doi: 10.4103/0019-5049.165852.

Post-operative pulmonary complications after thoracotomy.

Author information

1
Department of Anaesthesia, Apollo Hospitals Education and Research Foundation, Apollo Gleneagles Hospitals, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

Abstract

Pulmonary complications are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the post-operative period after thoracotomy. The type of complications and the severity of complications depend on the type of thoracic surgery that has been performed as well as on the patient's pre-operative medical status. Risk stratification can help in predicting the possibility of the post-operative complications. Certain airway complications are more prone to develop with thoracic surgery. Vocal cord injuries, bronchopleural fistulae, pulmonary emboli and post-thoracic surgery non-cardiogenic pulmonary oedema are some of the unique complications that occur in this subset of patients. The major pulmonary complications such as atelectasis, bronchospasm and pneumonia can lead to respiratory failure. This review was compiled after a search for search terms within 'post-operative pulmonary complications after thoracic surgery and thoracotomy' on search engines including PubMed and standard text references on the subject from 2000 to 2015.

KEYWORDS:

Complications; post-operative; pulmonary; thoracotomy

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