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Cell Metab. 2015 Dec 1;22(6):971-82. doi: 10.1016/j.cmet.2015.10.001. Epub 2015 Nov 6.

Dietary Fiber-Induced Improvement in Glucose Metabolism Is Associated with Increased Abundance of Prevotella.

Author information

  • 1Wallenberg Laboratory, Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg 41345, Sweden.
  • 2Food for Health Science Centre, Lund University, Medicon Village, Lund 22381, Sweden.
  • 3Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-5620, USA.
  • 4Wallenberg Laboratory, Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg 41345, Sweden; Novo Nordisk Foundation Center for Basic Metabolic Research, Section for Metabolic Receptology and Enteroendocrinology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen 2200, Denmark. Electronic address: fredrik.backhed@wlab.gu.se.

Abstract

The gut microbiota plays an important role in human health by interacting with host diet, but there is substantial inter-individual variation in the response to diet. Here we compared the gut microbiota composition of healthy subjects who exhibited improved glucose metabolism following 3-day consumption of barley kernel-based bread (BKB) with those who responded least to this dietary intervention. The Prevotella/Bacteroides ratio was higher in responders than non-responders after BKB. Metagenomic analysis showed that the gut microbiota of responders was enriched in Prevotella copri and had increased potential to ferment complex polysaccharides after BKB. Finally, germ-free mice transplanted with microbiota from responder human donors exhibited improved glucose metabolism and increased abundance of Prevotella and liver glycogen content compared with germ-free mice that received non-responder microbiota. Our findings indicate that Prevotella plays a role in the BKB-induced improvement in glucose metabolism observed in certain individuals, potentially by promoting increased glycogen storage.

PMID:
26552345
DOI:
10.1016/j.cmet.2015.10.001
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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