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Orv Hetil. 2015 Oct 18;156(42):1710-4. doi: 10.1556/650.2015.30269.

[Effect of healthy diet and physical activity on the level of non-HDL cholesterol in obese subjects without cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus].

[Article in Hungarian]

Author information

1
Irinyi utcai Háziorvosi Rendelő Kecskemét, Irinyi u. 22., 6000.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Prevention program including lifestyle changes was initiated with the participation of obese and overweight subjects recruited from the practices of 29 family doctors.

AIM:

The aim of the author was to analyse changes of non-HDL-cholesterol levels, especially when triglyceride levels were above 2.26 mmol/l, and when non-HDL cholesterol levels were high in association with low HDL-cholesterol levels in overweight or obese subjects who had no cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus.

METHOD:

Data obtained from 1192 subjects (424 men and 768 women) before and 12 month after inclusion into the prevention program was analysed.

RESULTS:

The average level of non-HDL-cholesterol in the whole group of subjects decreased from 4.74 to 4.64 mmol/l, but the change was not significant. However, the average concentration of non-HDL-cholesterol was reduced significantly from 4.87 to 4.4 mmol/l in men, whereas no significant change was detected in women. In cases when triglyceride levels were higher than 2.26 mmol/l, the non-HDL-cholesterol level was reduced by 0.65 mmol/l. In cases when the non-HDL-cholesterol level was high in association with low HDL-cholesterol level, the non-HDL-cholesterol was significantly decreased from 5.22 to 4.48 mmol/l. In addition, in cases when HDL-cholesterol levels were low, the average level of the HDL-cholesterol significantly increased from 0.84 to 1.3 mmol/l.

CONCLUSIONS:

Lifestyle changes decrease the level of atherogenic lipid fractions, particularly in men with high triglyceride levels. Improvement of the atherogenic lipid profile in response to lifestyle changes is related not only to the reduction of atherogenic lipid fractions, but also to the increase of HDL-cholesterol level.

KEYWORDS:

atherogen lipidprofil; atherogenic lipid fractions; elhízás; healthy life style; non-HDL-cholesterol; non-HDL-koleszterin; obesity; életmódprogram

PMID:
26551311
DOI:
10.1556/650.2015.30269
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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