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Oncology. 2015;89 Suppl 1:16-21. doi: 10.1159/000431059. Epub 2015 Nov 10.

Clinical Application of Anti-CCR4 Monoclonal Antibody.

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Department of Tumor Immunology, Aichi Medical University School of Medicine, Nagakute, Aichi, Japan.


Mogamulizumab (KW-0761) is a humanized anti-CCR4 monoclonal antibody with a defucosylated Fc region (Potelligent® Technology), which markedly enhances antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity by increasing its binding affinity to the Fcx03B3; receptor expressed on effector cells. It is an effective agent for patients with CCR4-positive adult T-cell leukemia and peripheral T-cell lymphoma, for which no standard therapy exists, and it has an acceptable toxicity profile. In addition, because CCR4 is expressed on CD45RA-FOXP3highCD4+ effector regulatory T (Treg) cells, it is an even more attractive target, because Treg cells involved in the tumor escape from host immunity in the tumor microenvironment. Based on this concept, we conducted a clinical study of mogamulizumab for the treatment of CCR4-negative advanced or recurrent solid cancer, with the aim of depleting effector Treg cells and thus boosting anti-cancer immune responses. In this study, mogamulizumab infusion at doses ranging from 0.1 to 1.0 mg/kg was safe and well tolerated. Four of 10 patients showed stable disease during treatment and showed long-term survival. Mogamulizumab efficiently depleted effector Treg cells even at the lowest dose of 0.1 mg/kg, and an augmentation or induction of specific immune responses to cancer/testis antigens was observed in some patients. In the near future, a novel immunotherapy targeting Treg cells with mogamulizumab will be offered to patients with different types of cancer.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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