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Nutr Hosp. 2015 Nov 1;32(5):2208-15. doi: 10.3305/nh.2015.32.5.9602.

BODY COMPOSITION AND SOMATOTYPE OF PROFESSIONAL AND U23 HAND BASQUE PELOTA PLAYERS.

Author information

1
ElikaEsport®. Nutrition, Innovation & Sport. University of Deusto. Faculty of Psychology and Education, Spain. Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud. Universidad Isabel I. www.ui1.es, Spain.. juankaya@msn.com.
2
Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud. Universidad Isabel I. www.ui1.es, Spain. ImFine Research Group. Department of Health and Human Performance. Technical University of Madrid, Spain.. juankaya@msn.com.
3
ImFine Research Group. Department of Health and Human Performance. Technical University of Madrid, Spain.. juankaya@msn.com.
4
Nutritionist of Club Atletico River Plate, Argentina.. juankaya@msn.com.
5
Department of Physiology and Biochemistry, University of Valladolid (Soria), Spain.. juankaya@msn.com.

Abstract

in English, Spanish

INTRODUCTION:

there is hardly any reference in scientific literature regarding anthropometric characteristics, body composition and somatotype of hand Basque pelota players (pelotaris).

OBJECTIVES:

the aim of this research was to analyze and compare the anthropometry features and body composition of professional pelotaris and under-23 (U23) pelotaris, to create an anthropometric profile of this sport.

METHODS:

the participants were ten U23 pelotaris, and eight professional pelotaris. Anthropometric measurements were taken following the International Society of Advancement of Kinanthropometry (ISAK) protocol. Fat mass (FM) was calculated using the Yushasz equation modified by Carter and muscle mass (MM) using Lee equation. For the somatotype components, the Carter y Heath equation was applied. The hydration level (kg of body water) of the players was measured with a four-pole kind bioelectrical impedance (BIA) analyzer. Spss was used for the statistical analysis.

RESULTS:

professional pelotaris have significantly lower FM (p < 0.05) and lower sum of 4, 6 and 8 skinfolds (p = 0.001), higher MM (p = 0.015), and a less endomorphic somatotype (p < 0.001) than U23 pelotaris. Professionals have a greater amount of body water (p = 0.001) and a larger bistyloid diameter (p = 0.014). Professional pelotaris have a morphotype characterized by a low FM 8.9 ± 1.1% and medium MM 47 ± 1.7%, height of 183.0 ± 7.1 cm and BM of 85.9 ± 7.6 kg.

CONCLUSION:

The main results of the present study show that non-modifiable anthropometric features by training (e.g. height, arm span and wrist breadth) are important to become a professional pelotaris. Moreover, training and diet related features have been showed to be better in professional pelotaris (low FM, higher MM and high body water amount) than U23 pelotaris.

PMID:
26545679
DOI:
10.3305/nh.2015.32.5.9602
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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