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Trends Plant Sci. 2016 Jan;21(1):55-68. doi: 10.1016/j.tplants.2015.10.004. Epub 2015 Nov 3.

Multi-Level Light Capture Control in Plants and Green Algae.

Author information

1
Bielefeld University, Faculty of Biology, Center for Biotechnology (CeBiTec), Universitätsstrasse 27, 33615, Bielefeld, Germany.
2
Universita degli Studi di Verona, Department of Biotechnology, Strada Le Grazie 15, 37134 Verona, Italy.
3
Bielefeld University, Faculty of Biology, Center for Biotechnology (CeBiTec), Universitätsstrasse 27, 33615, Bielefeld, Germany. Electronic address: olaf.kruse@uni-bielefeld.de.

Abstract

Life on Earth relies on photosynthesis, and the ongoing depletion of fossil carbon fuels has renewed interest in phototrophic light-energy conversion processes as a blueprint for the conversion of atmospheric CO2 into various organic compounds. Light-harvesting systems have evolved in plants and green algae, which are adapted to the light intensity and spectral composition encountered in their habitats. These organisms are constantly challenged by a fluctuating light supply and other environmental cues affecting photosynthetic performance. Excess light can be especially harmful, but plants and microalgae are equipped with different acclimation mechanisms to control the processing of sunlight absorbed at both photosystems. We summarize the current knowledge and discuss the potential for optimization of phototrophic light-energy conversion.

KEYWORDS:

antenna engineering; light acclimation; light harvesting; non-photochemical quenching; photosynthesis

PMID:
26545578
DOI:
10.1016/j.tplants.2015.10.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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