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Med Acupunct. 2015 Oct 1;27(5):318-327.

Overview of Integrative Medicine Practices and Policies in NATO Participant Countries.

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Professor, Complementary and Alternative Medicine Department, Pécs University Medical School , Pécs, Hungary .
United States Army, Chairman, NATO HFM-195 Task Force, Integrative Medicine Interventions for Military Personnel , El Paso, TX.
Professor, Observatory and Methods for Health, University of Milano-Biocca , Milano, Italy .
Director, United States Air Force Acupuncture and Alternative Medicine Center , Malcolm Grow Medical Clinic, Joint Base Andrews, MD.


Background: CAMbrella is a European research network for complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). Between January 2010 and December 2013 the CAMbrella consortium reviewed the status of CAM in Europe from the perspectives of: (1) terminology for description; (2) citizens' needs and expectations; (3) patients' usage patterns; (4) providers' practice patterns; and (5) regulatory and legal status in Europe. Together, this data was used to form a set of recommendations to the European Commission, the European Parliament, and national policy makers and civil society stakeholders. These recommendations can serve as a roadmap for European CAM research. Objective: This article aims to inform the reader about CAM prevalence, usage perspectives, and the future roadmap for CAM practices and research within the European Union. Method: This overview describes CAM status in the European Union, using the CAMbrella consortium projects as the source of information. Conclusions: The North Atlantic Treaty Organization is positioned as a potential foundation for inclusion of CAM modalities within the militaries as well for as collaborative research on safe and cost-effective practices.


CAM; CAMbrella Pan-European Project; Legislation of CAM; Regulation; Reimbursement; Survey on Members of EU; Usage of CAM

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