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Am Heart J. 2015 Nov;170(5):1033-1041.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.ahj.2015.07.023. Epub 2015 Jul 26.

Amiodarone and risk of death in contemporary patients with atrial fibrillation: Findings from The Retrospective Evaluation and Assessment of Therapies in AF study.

Author information

1
Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System, Palo Alto, CA; Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA.
2
Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System, Palo Alto, CA.
3
Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA.
4
Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System, Palo Alto, CA; Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA. Electronic address: mintu@stanford.edu.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

There are limited data on mortality outcomes associated with use of amiodarone in atrial fibrillation and flutter (AF).

METHODS:

We evaluated the association of amiodarone use with mortality in patients with newly diagnosed AF using complete data from the Department of Veterans Affairs national health care system. We included patients seen in an outpatient setting within 90 days of a new diagnosis for nonvalvular AF between Veterans Affairs fiscal years 2004 and 2008. Multivariate analysis and propensity-matched Cox proportional hazards regression were used to evaluate the association of amiodarone use to death.

RESULTS:

Of 122,465 patients (353,168 person-years of follow-up, age 72.1 ± 10.3 years, 98.4% males), amiodarone was prescribed in 11,655 (9.5%). Cumulative, unadjusted mortality rates were higher for amiodarone recipients than for nonrecipients (87 vs 73 per 1,000 person-years, P < .001). However, in multivariate and propensity-matched survival analyses, there was no significant difference in mortality (multivariate hazard ratio 1.01, 95% CI 0.97-1.05, P = .51, and propensity-matched hazard ratio 1.02, 95% CI 0.97-1.07, P = .45). The hazard of death was not modified by age, sex, heart failure, kidney function, β-blocker use, or warfarin use, but there was evidence of effect modification among patients diagnosed with AF as an inpatient versus outpatient.

CONCLUSION:

In a national health care system population of newly diagnosed AF, overall use of amiodarone as an early treatment strategy was not associated with mortality.

PMID:
26542514
PMCID:
PMC4800972
DOI:
10.1016/j.ahj.2015.07.023
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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