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J Am Coll Cardiol. 2015 Nov 10;66(19):2129-2139. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2015.09.025.

The role of the clinical pharmacist in the care of patients with cardiovascular disease.

Author information

1
University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, Virginia. Electronic address: spdunn@virginia.edu.
2
University of Houston College of Pharmacy, Houston, Texas.
3
UK HealthCare, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky.
4
University of Connecticut School of Pharmacy, Storrs, Connecticut.
5
University of Colorado School of Pharmacy, Denver, Colorado.
6
University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Medicine, Birmingham, Alabama.
7
St. Vincent Heart Center, Indianapolis, Indiana.

Abstract

Team-based cardiovascular care, including the use of clinical pharmacists, can efficiently deliver high-quality care. This Joint Council Perspectives paper from the Cardiovascular Team and Prevention Councils of the American College of Cardiology provides background information on the clinical pharmacist's role, training, certification, and potential utilization in a variety of practice models. Selected systematic reviews and meta-analyses, highlighting the benefit of clinical pharmacy services, are summarized. Clinical pharmacists have a substantial effect in a wide variety of roles in inpatient and ambulatory settings, largely through optimization of drug use, avoidance of adverse drug events, and transitional care activities focusing on medication reconciliation and patient education. Expansion of clinical pharmacy services is often impeded by policy, legislation, and compensation barriers. Multidisciplinary organizations, including the American College of Cardiology, should support efforts to overcome these barriers, allowing pharmacists to deliver high-quality patient care to the full extent of their education and training.

KEYWORDS:

collaborative practice; medication adherence; medication therapy management; team-based care

PMID:
26541925
DOI:
10.1016/j.jacc.2015.09.025
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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