Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Vaccine. 2015 Nov 27;33(48):6570-8. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2015.10.115. Epub 2015 Nov 3.

Mucosal delivery switches the response to an adjuvanted tuberculosis vaccine from systemic TH1 to tissue-resident TH17 responses without impacting the protective efficacy.

Author information

1
Infectious Disease Research Institute, Seattle, WA 98102, USA; Department of Global Health, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98105, USA. Electronic address: Mark.orr@idri.org.
2
Infectious Disease Research Institute, Seattle, WA 98102, USA.
3
Infectious Disease Research Institute, Seattle, WA 98102, USA; Department of Global Health, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98105, USA.

Abstract

Pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) remains one of the leading causes of infectious disease death despite widespread usage of the BCG vaccine. A number of new TB vaccines have moved into clinical evaluation to replace or boost the BCG vaccine including ID93+GLA-SE, an adjuvanted subunit vaccine. The vast majority of new TB vaccines in trials are delivered parenterally even though intranasal delivery can augment lung-resident immunity and protective efficacy in small animal models. Parenteral immunization with the adjuvanted subunit vaccine ID93+GLA-SE elicits robust TH1 immunity and protection against aerosolized Mycobacterium tuberculosis in mice and guinea pigs. Here we describe the immunogenicity and efficacy of this vaccine when delivered intranasally. Intranasal delivery switches the CD4 T cell response from a TH1 to a TH17 dominated tissue-resident response with increased frequencies of ID93-specific cells in both the lung tissue and at the lung surface. Surprisingly these changes do not affect the protective efficacy of ID93+GLA-SE. Unlike intramuscular immunization, ID93+GLA does not require the squalene-based oil-in-water emulsion SE to elicit protective CD4 T cells when delivered intranasally. Finally we demonstrate that TNF and the IL-17 receptor are dispensable for the efficacy of the intranasal vaccine suggesting an alternative mechanism of protection.

KEYWORDS:

ID93+GLA-SEi; Intranasal; Mucosal; TH17; Tuberculosis

PMID:
26541135
PMCID:
PMC4679420
DOI:
10.1016/j.vaccine.2015.10.115
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center